In the Name of Allah, the Most Gracious, the Most Merciful.

Raabi'ah al-'Adawiyyah

 The article was collected by Ummu Mariam.




Verily, all praises and thanks are due to Allah, we praise Him, seek His help and His forgiveness. We seek refuge with Allah from the evils of our souls and evils of our deeds. One whom Allah guides none can lead him astray, and one whom He misguides, none can guide him. I bear witness that there is no god but Allah, and I bear witness that Muhammad (SAAS) is His servant and His messenger.

"O you who believe! Fear Allah (by doing all that He has ordered and by abstaining from all that He has forbidden) as He should be feared. (Obey Him, be thankful to Him, and remember Him always), and die not except in a state of Islam [as Muslims (with complete submission to Allah)]." (Al-Qur‘aan 3:102 - interpretation of the meaning)

"O mankind! Be dutiful to your Lord, Who created you from a single person (Adam), and from him (Adam) He created his wife (Eve), and from them both He created many men and women and fear Allah through Whom you demand your mutual (rights), and (do not cut the relations of) the wombs (kinship). Surely, Allah is Ever an All-Watcher over you." (Al-Qur‘aan 4:1 - interpretation of the meaning)

"O you who believe! Keep your duty to Allah and fear Him, and speak (always) the truth. He will direct you to do righteous good deeds and will forgive you your sins. And whosoever obeys Allah and His Messenger (SAAS) he has indeed achieved a great achievement (i.e. he will be saved from the Hell-fire and made to enter Paradise)." (Al-Qur‘aan 33:70-71 - interpretation of the meaning)

Ammaa ba'd (as for what follows), the best of speech is the speech of Allah that is the Book of Allah. The best of guidance is the guidance of Muhammad (SAAS). Of all matters, the worst are innovations; and everything new is an innovation, and every innovation is a deviation, and every deviation leads to Hell-fire.



The following question and answer concerning Raabi'ah al-'Adawiyyah was taken from:


Question #5994:

Could you give me a summary of the life of the Muslim Saint Raabi'ah Al-'Adawiyyah and her miracles? Was she a good Muslim at her early years? Why did she become an ascetic?


All praises and thanks are due to Allah.
Raabi'ah al-'Adawiyyah was an ascetic and humble worshipper, as adh-Dhahabi said in as-Siyar (8/241). Adh-Dhahabi reported that Abu Sa'id ibn al-A'raabi said: With regard to Raabi'ah al-'Adawiyyah, people transmitted a great deal of wisdom from her. Sufyan, Shu'bah and others reported about her accounts which prove that what was said about her believing in incarnation and promoting promiscuity is not true.

Adh-Dhahabi said: this is an exaggeration and ignorance. Perhaps those who attribute that to her are themselves promiscuous and believers in incarnation, and are using her to support their own kufr (disbelief), just as they misuse the hadiith "…I will be his hearing with which he hears…"

There are no reports of miracles etc. on the part of Raabi'ah al-'Adawiyyah; there are only the reports of her words of asceticism and wisdom, such as when she said to Sufyan ath-Thawree: "You are only a few days, and when one day passes a part of you has gone. Soon, when a part of you have gone all of you will have gone. You know about this, so act upon it."

Another example of the things she said is: "I seek forgiveness from Allah for the lack of my sincerity when I say, I seek the forgiveness of Allah."

'Abdah bint Abi Shawwaal, who was one of the best female servants of Allah and who used to serve Raabi'ah, said: "Raabi'ah used to pray all night long, and just before dawn, she would take a short nap until dawn came. When she awoke with a start, I would hear her say in a terrified manner, 'O my soul, how long will you sleep? How long will you nap? Soon you will sleep a sleep from which you will not wake until the Day of Resurrection.'"

She ['Abdah] said: this was her habit all her life, until she died.

It was said that she lived for eighty years and died in the year 180 A.H.

See Shadharaat-udh-Dhahab (1/193) and Sefat-us-Safwah (4/27).

Published on Friday the 1st of Muharram, 1428/the 19th of January, 2007

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